Different animal species vary greatly, and thus each species may need specific medicines for the same disease. The research and marketing of veterinary medicines is, therefore, more complicated compared to human medicines.
Unlike human medicines, the prices of veterinary medicines are not regulated while the Finnish Medicines Agency applies the same marketing authorisation procedure and the pharmacovigilance principles to both medicine groups. The selection of veterinary medicines comprises about 270 trade names.
The distribution of veterinary medicines has particular characteristics:
- The medicines go from the wholesalers to either the pharmacies or directly to the veterinarians.
- The veterinarians can sell the medicines while visiting their patients.
- Veterinary medicines are not eligible for reimbursements.
Authorities and legislation
The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry is responsible for the legislation on veterinary medication. It is the supreme authority to guide and control the implementation and compliance with the acts and ensuing regulations.
The Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira is the central administrative authority for the implementation and compliance with the animal health acts and regulations and is in charge, for example, for the issues related to the medication of production animals.
Finnish Medicines Agency Fimea follows the instructions issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, guiding and controlling the compliance with the animal health acts and regulations by the pharmaceutical plants, wholesalers and pharmacies.
ERUMA (European Platform for the Responsible Use of Medicines in Animals)